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Batticaloa Cattle Ear Tagging Project

Fostering Employment programs and Projects, Pledge to Restore creating employment opportunities for the local communities by promoting sustainable livelihood for cattle farmers in Batticaloa District in Sri Lanka.

The rationale for the project’s implementation is to improve existing practices to develop inland agricultural resources to ensure food security and uplift the rural population’s sociology-economic status to reduce poverty and improve living standards in the east.

However, beef production impacts plants, soil, air and water, and depletes fuel sources. Therefore, environmental management in grazing beef and milk production is just as crucial to the industry’s future and its producers, product quality and consistency, profitability, and market access.

Registering cattle for record-keeping is a critical component of managing efficiency in cattle farming.  Records are needed for legal, financial, and taxation purposes and for maintaining a permanent record of the farm operations, analyzing the livestock on hand, monitoring day-to-day activities, and future planning.Program: Fostering Employment Opportunities.

Project Background

Batticaloa district animal husbandry plays a vital role in contributing to the national income of Sri Lanka. Grazing ground for cattle situated on divisional secretariat divisions such as Porathivati Vellawela, Manmunai South West Kokkaticholai, Manmunai West Vaunathivu, Eravur Debit Chengaladi, Koralapati South Gran, Koralapati Banana Chenai, Koralapati North Vakarai in Batticaloa District.

Batticaloa district is believed to have at least 5 lakh 80,000 cattle. According to the Department of Veterinary Health, 3 lakh 60,000 cattle have been registered in the community so far.  28,000 liters of milk is received daily in the district. This milk production is higher from February to June in the year and lowers in other months. (10,000 liters of milk supplied in February-June 28000, July-November 18,000, December-January) Accordingly, 250,000.00 liters of milk sold annually.

Dairying is an important source of subsidiary income to small/marginal farmers and agricultural labourers living in the East of Sri Lanka – Batticaloa and Ampara Districts.

The government encouraging lands used for grazing cattle have been converted into corn cultivation. The proposed project encourages farmers to change from a traditional animal husbandry scheme to a modern and innovative husbandry scheme for milk production.

The survival of the local cattle industry needs to have a broad understanding of many factors if they wish to build and maintain a successful, sustainable business:

  • Sustainable pasture management;
  • Maintenance of biodiversity;
  • Soil management;
  • Water management;
  • Cattle stock management, considering animal welfare;
  • Land management planning, including good risk management, with enterprise flexibility which enables adaptation to change markets;
  • Good monitoring and recording systems which gather helpful information about the enterprise and allow assessment of financial and environmental sustainability;

Cattle farmers caught up in the day-to-day activities of running a traditional cattle farming operation. It is intentional to develop a plan to tag and register all cattle owned by farmers in the government registry to improve cattle management, community relationships, and perceptions.


A community-based program to improve the cattle farming industry in the selected rural area will help the poor to achieve self-sufficiency while providing them with valuable skills and knowledge-based training to sustain employment.

Ear tagging is an essential part of Livestock Identification, and earmarking is mandatory in Sri Lanka. It also has business benefits by enabling livestock to be identified on-farm, leading to improved management.

The project establishes farming societies, enabling them to work together to develop and manage resources, enhance food security, support small-scale entrepreneurs, and foster public-private partnership programs.

Partner with the ministry, district government agencies, cattle farmers & livestock development authority. Ear tag provides individual care for cows is fundamental to the future of dairy farming in the district. We are assisting the cattle industry in implementing standards in identifying individual cows.  At birth, every calf gets a unique ID number registered in the database.

However, in the absence of sustainable employment opportunities in the area, over a thousand families are likely to find livelihood opportunities in Batticaloa, and eastern Sri Lanka.


  • Intended beneficiaries of this scheme are cattle farmers based in the Batticaloa district, particularly among the rural poor.
  • The scheme will benefit 800 – 900 identified families.
  • No Environmental Hazard – Tagging, training for farmers and cattle owners, and implementing process improvement activities carried out as part of the project scope.